T-shirt producers use numerous terms to illustrate their products and services. The terms usually are not always consistent and it helps to have a reference guide.
This is the official Eco-friendly Man T-shirts Guide to knowing t-t-shirt terms:
20s, 20/1, 20s solitary: Device of way of measuring that describes the fineness of cotton thread. A regular spool of solitary-ply natural cotton thread is comprised of 840 yards of cotton line. When it requires 20 spools to consider one pound, then this thread on those spools is known as 20s natural cotton, or 20/1. If 30 spools consider one pound, then this line on those spools is referred to as 30s cotton thread, or 30/1. When it takes 40 spools to weigh one pound, then your thread on these spools is known as 40s natural cotton, or 40/1. The greater number indicates a better line, and so a better, much softer material is produced. T-shirts manufactured from 30s and 40s are much softer, better, and possess better drape than t-shirts made from 20s. The terms are used many different ways, but it’s the amount that matters; “20s,” “20/1,” and “20 single people” are the same. Threads can be twisted with each other into heavier strands. If two 20/1 natural cotton threads had been twisted with each other, it would be known as 20/2.
Bamboo Fabric: Rayon created from bamboo cellulose. Although rayon is a man-made artificial materials, most experts agree it is actually easily naturally degradable. Bamboo material is very smooth and it has outstanding drape.
Bamboo: Fast expanding herb, considered a grass, which can be readily processed into rayon to help make bamboo rayon clothing.
Bleach Clean: An activity that uses bleach to soften and distress the style of the material becoming washed.
Fishing boat Neck: A very wide neck line that runs over the collarbone area to the shoulder joint factors. Gets from early sailors’ shirts, where broad throat empowered fast removal in the event the sailor fell over the top.
Boy Beater: Women’s fashion response to the spouse beater. A women’s tank top, even though it can be any colour.
Brushed Natural cotton: A method to eliminate excess lint and materials from cotton material. Brushed cotton usually features a really soft, smooth complete.
Burn off-Out: A process which uses sulfuric acidity or other powerful acidity to “burn off-out” areas of a material knit, usually a polyester/natural cotton blend. The process provides a see-via, really sheer impact.
Cover Sleeves: Generally describes smaller sleeves on women’s garments.
Carbon Dioxide: CO2. A chemical substance compound made up of two o2 atoms and one carbon atom. Referred to as a “green house” gasoline because of its relationship with climate change. A couple of t-t-shirt producers are actually calculating and documenting the Carbon dioxide emissions involved in production their shirts.
Carbon dioxide Trust: Independent business founded in 2001 in Great Britain that screens carbon emissions. The Carbon dioxide Trust works with companies to help lessen their carbon footprint, and today certifies businesses and products as using a “reduced carbon” or “no carbon” footprint. A couple of t-shirt businesses now manufacture “reduced carbon dioxide footprint” t-shirts.
Carding: A fiber cleaning process that eliminates short materials and removes grime and international issue. Carding can be carried out by hand or by large devices using drum rollers. Carded-only cotton is not as desirable as combed cotton.
Cellulase Wash: An additional good name for enzyme wash. This offers material a smooth feel and a vintage appear, depending on how the clean is done.
Cellulose: Based on the cell walls of certain plants. Valuable in creating certain types of materials, including acetate, triacetate, and rayon. Bamboo material is really rayon made from bamboo cellulose.
Inexpensive Natural cotton T-Shirt: T-shirts created using carded natural cotton, using 18/1 thread, generally knitted on 20 measure machines. These t-shirts are coarse, rough, and also have poor drapability. Used frequently as cheap marketing give-aways.
Environment Neutral: A term employed to explain a company, process, or product which has zero effect on the Earth’s environment. Several t-shirt producers promote their company as environment natural.
Carbon dioxide: Fractional co2. A chemical compound composed of two oxygen atoms and one carbon atom. Known as a “greenhouse” gasoline due to its relationship with global warming.
Colorfastness: The capacity of any outfit to withstand multiple washings without dropping its colour.
Combed Natural cotton: A method to remove brief materials and also to organize for a longer time fibers parallel to create a sleek, fine cotton yarn. Combed natural cotton has high strength, outstanding uniformity, and better hand. Combed natural cotton expenses much more and it is used in better t-shirts.
Compacting: An activity that compacts the space among natural cotton fiber pockets. Reduces shrinking.
Contrasting Sewing: Stitching having a different color than the outfit. Offers a nice design detail in t-shirts.
Control Union: A global organization that provides accreditation services for a variety of programs–including numerous organic certification applications. Certifies USDA Organic, as well as GOTS (Global Natural Textile Regular).
Natural cotton Jersey: Knitted, really slightly elastic fabric having a sleek flat face along with a much more textured but consistent back. Average weight for each yard is all about 5.5 to 6 oz. Fundamental t-shirts are created from natural cotton jersey. Fine natural cotton jersey is normally easier and contains a lighter in weight for each yard.
Cotton: A natural fiber that is the most popular on earth for fabrics. Natural cotton materials are usually ½ to 2 inches long. Longer fibers create finer natural cotton material. Types including Pima and Egyptian, which function fibers exceeding 1.5 in ., tend to be more highly valued than ordinary varieties.
Crew Neck: A circular close-fitting neckline. Most frequent neck on t-shirts.
Crop Top: A t-shirt using a brief entire body into it; created to reveal the midriff region.
Dual-Needle Sewn: Utilized mainly on sleeve/bottom hems and refers to a parallel row of sewing. This type of stitching offers sturdiness and a cleaner, much more finished look.
Drape, Drapability: Refers to the way a material hangs. A fabric like bamboo rayon has outstanding drape, whilst a coarse fabric like burlap has very little. T-shirts which have great drape characteristics feel better to put on.
Decrease Tail: A outfit that includes a longer back than front.
Eco-Friendly: Very free term that refers to a product’s “greenness.” Nearly worthless in realistically assessing a product or service. Preferred term used by eco-friendly washers.
Egyptian Natural cotton: Cotton produced in Egypt and highly valued for its long duration of fiber. Clothing created using true Egyptian cotton is valued for its gentleness and fineness.
Ecological Proper rights Base: An authorized charity recognized in 2000 to help individuals who suffer most out of ecological abuses including pesticide poisoning, water depletion, and garden soil devastation. Especially energetic in curbing abuses in cotton farming.
Enzyme Cleaned: A wash procedure utilizing unique digestive enzymes to produce a soft complete and smooth check out a material. Ages chemical dyes to create a special look to dyed materials. Enzyme washing is actually less harsh in the fabric when compared with rock cleaning.
European Reduce: A style of t-t-shirt that is narrower compared to what one normally discovers. For example, a full reduce men’s t-t-shirt, size large, generally operates 22 in . across the chest area (calculated one inch underneath the sleeve). A men’s large European cut will operate about half an inch to 1 inch narrower, sometimes more.
Material Dyed: Material dyed before becoming cut and stitched into a completed part of clothing.
Fair Labor Connection: A nonprofit organization focused on finishing sweatshop problems in production facilities worldwide. Activly works to develop Program code of Labor Methods, especially essential in the apparel business in which operating problems have historically been so poor.
Fair Wear Base: A worldwide group focused on improving outfit workers’ lives worldwide. Works together with businesses that create clothing and other stitched products which assume responsibilty for his or her supply chain.
Fine Natural cotton Jersey: Knitted, very slightly stretchy material having a sleek flat face and a much more textured but consistent back. Fine cotton jersey is usually easier and contains a lighter weight per yard than regular cotton jersey. T-shirts made out of fine cotton jersey use a much better drape and feel than regular t-shirts. Usually created using 30s and higher cotton thread, and weighs 4.3 ounces for each square yard.
Installed Reduce: Definitions vary, but typically a installed reduce identifies a reduce that flatters our bodies. Used often in women’s t-shirts, the center portion of the t-shirt will be firmer than the top or base. General, the shirts operate narrower compared to a fundamental full reduce.
Full Reduce: A nice, spacious cut. In t-shirts, tubular designs are usually regarded as full-cut, but you will find exclusions. Complete Cut is different from the thinner Western Cuts, Slim Slashes, and Installed Slashes.
Outfit Dyed: Clothing dyed after it has been cut and stitched in to a completed article of clothes.
Garment Cleaned: A procedure in which completed posts of clothing are washed, generally with added softeners to enhance the really feel and look of the fabric.
GMO Totally free: GMO means Genetically Altered Microorganisms. First utilized in the 1990s when customers became concerned about genetically altered food. A lot of companies now use the GMO free label on everything from food to natural materials, like cotton.
GOTS: Is short for Global Organic Fabric Regular. A task from the International Operating Group. They have got developed specifications to ensure organic status of textiles, through the harvesting, manufacturing, and marking, in order to provide a reliable guarantee towards the finish consumer. An organic t-t-shirt that meets the standards can be GOTS licensed.
Green: Common saying used by marketing and advertising experts to advertise items. Another favorite phrase of “eco-friendly-washers,” who definitely are hopping around the environmental bandwagon without the genuine commitment.
Eco-friendly-Cleaning: Take off around the phrase “white-colored-cleaning,” nevertheless in an ecological framework. Firms that green-wash are spending lip-service to ecological concerns to bring in much more company, but haven’t used any real steps to get environmentally accountable.
Hand: Just how a material seems to touch. A fabric that feels smooth and smooth is regarded as to have a good hand.
Hemp Fabric: Hemp, or Marijuana sativa, has been utilized for fabric for hundreds of years, mostly as an commercial fabric. Newer handling methods make it ideal for finer clothes, and today it is actually found in many clothes articles, such as t-shirts. Hemp is valued because of its strength and durability.
Henley T-Shirt: Comparable to a collarless polo t-shirt, a Henley is a pullover t-shirt offering 2 or 3 control keys (sometimes approximately 5 buttons are used, but that’s unusual). A Henley can be either short or long sleeved.
Ice cubes Wash: A technique of stone washing where the rocks are first drenched inside a solution of potassium permanganate. This method creates a frosted look to material.
Interlock Knit: A type of knit which is very soft and contains a great drape. Interlock knit stitches are tighter, much more elastic than Jersey knit, but less elastic than rib knit. Used in very fine clothes.
Jersey Knit: Commonly found in t-shirts and is the most long lasting of knits. It really is light weight, and has fine vertical ribs. The Jersey knit was known as after the English Island inside the English Channel. Fine cotton Jersey describes Jersey Knit made with fine cotton threads including 30s and forties.
Knit: Describes how the interlocking loops of yarn that comprise fabric were made. There are numerous kinds of knits. Jersey Knit is often found in t-shirts and is the most durable of knits. It is light weight, and it has fine straight ribs. Around the other hand, rib knits have weighty ribs operating down the material, while interlock knits are used in really fine fabrics. T-shirt collars are usually rib knit.
Muscle mass T-shirt: Sleeveless style t-shirt, however, not exactly a tank top. Fundamental t-t-shirt, just minus the sleeves. The shoulder band part is much wider than a typical tank top.
Neck Adhesive tape: A thin strip of fabric sewn on the seam operating across the shoulders and neck region. It addresses the seam and looks better than an uncovered stitch. Often referred to as “shoulder joint to shoulder taped.”
OekoTek 100: Certification from the Worldwide Oeko-Tex® Connection, which guarantees customers that the apparel they buy is chemical free and poses no danger for their health. Beneath the Oeko-Tex regular, clothing must be free of formaldehyde, arsenic, lead, cadmium, and other toxic chemical substances.
Natural Clothing: A term really freely used inside the outfit industry. It can mean anything from completely organic to as low as 6Percent natural. Often along with terms like Eco-Friendly, Green, and so on. Customers should check the labels and confirm the types of materials utilized to find out if some thing is definitely natural or not.
Organic Natural cotton: Cotton grown without using pesticide sprays. Certified organic cotton continues to be inspected to insure it is actually organic.
Natural Garden soil Association: Established in 1946 by a group of farmers, researchers and nutrition experts concerned about the relationship between harvesting methods and herb, pet, human being, and environmental health. The Organic Soil Association pioneered the first natural standards in 1967, and certifies farms and companies that meet these specifications.
Overdyed: A procedure in which previously dyed garments or materials are dyed with an additional color to make a unique look.
Performance T: Name for t-shirts manufactured for sports athletes and outdoor enthusiasts. Overall performance Ts are characterized by their breathability, moisture wicking, fast drying, and odor control abilities. Many overall performance Ts are polyester/cotton mixes, or can also be 100% polyester. Bamboo t-shirts, due to their absorbency and wicking qualities, have become known as performance t-shirts, even though they do not dried out as fast as overall performance t-shirts made of completely polyester.
PFD: Is short for Prepared For Dyeing. Marketed this way to t-t-shirt customizers who wish to create their particular look with dyes.
Pigment Dyed: A form of dye that can cause a cleaned out, distressed look.
Pima Natural cotton: A cotton created in the U.S. in early 1900s to contend with Egyptian cotton. It functions for a longer time fibers and is used often in fine men’s and women’s shirts. The title Pima arises from the Pima Indians, who helped with the initially plants in the new cotton as it was first developed within the U.S.
Pique: A way of knitting that can cause a waffle-type, fine textured surface. Utilized frequently in polo shirts.
Polyester: Man-created fiber produced from artificial polymers. Utilized widely in apparel, particularly combined with natural cotton in 50/50 blends.
Pre-Shrunk: Means the procedure of pre-diminishing fabric before it is actually cut and sewn. Sometimes it identifies a real finished garment which has been preshrunk. Clothing which has been preshrunk decreases less after the buyer washes it. Preshrunk natural cotton t-shirts will nevertheless reduce a bit, however, particularly if dried out utilizing a clothing clothes dryer.
Raglan T-T-shirt: Type of t-t-shirt featuring sleeves running straight to the collar. Usually the sleeves really are a contrasting colour through the body. Raglan sleeves are wider under the hands, and they are desirable to users who desire optimum freedom of movement. Baseball t-shirts usually feature a raglan sleeve design.
Rayon: Man-created fiber that utilizes herb cellulose as the main component. Rayon is very smooth, has excellent drape, and is very absorbing. Initially developed being a silk substitute.
Rib Knit: Characterized by weighty straight ribs running down the fabric. Rib knits are generally classified as 1×1, 2×1 or 2×2. This allows you to know the size in the rib when compared to space among. As an example, a 1×1 rib knit or perhaps a 2×2 rib knit means the space in between each rib is the same width because the ribs. But a 2×1 rib knit means the ribs are doubly broad as the spaces in the middle. Rib knit is very stretchy and is also frequently utilized for t-t-shirt collars, cuffs, and tank shirts.
Ring Spun: Refers to yarn created by twisting and thinning a rope of natural cotton fibers. The constant rotating results in a much softer really feel and more powerful yarn. Diamond ring-spun t-shirts are noticeably softer to touch.
Ringer T: A t-shirt with coloured sleeve bands and matching team throat. Most ringers are white-colored, with all the armband sleeves and team necks in different colours.
Sand Wash: Refers to utilizing fine sand while cleaning a outfit or fabric to soften and distress it.
Satin Washed: Another term for silicon washed, which generates a really sleek and soft finish to fabric, and also provides the material good draping properties.
Scoop Throat: Broad, carefully curved neckline that varies in depth. Preferred in women’s shirts.
Pure Jersey: Very light weight jersey knit, weighing about 3.9 oz per yard. Just a little stretchier than fine jersey.
Shoulder to Shoulder Tape: A thin strip of material stitched over the seam operating throughout the shoulders and throat region. It addresses the seam and appears much better than an uncovered stitch.
Shrinkage: Usually refers to natural cotton apparel as well as the quantity it can be needed to reduce. Most cotton t-shirts are pre-shrunk, but 4-5% shrinkage can be anticipated.
Side Seamed: Refers to shirts using a seam running down each and every part beneath the arm sleeves to the base hem. Part seamed t-shirts cost more to produce.
Silicone Cleaned: Identifies utilizing inert silicone in a cleaning procedure. Produces a really sleek and smooth finish to fabric, and in addition affords the fabric great draping qualities.
Singlet: an additional phrase for any men’s tank top.
Thin Cut: A style of t-t-shirt which is narrower than one normally finds. As an example, a complete cut men’s t-t-shirt, dimension large, generally runs 22 in . across the chest area (measured one ” below the sleeve). A slim cut will operate about 50 % an inch to 1 ” narrower, sometimes much more.
Stonewashed: A cleaning procedure that uses lava rocks or sometimes silicon and rubber balls. This technique makes material much softer and gives it an older or distressed look. Occasionally chlorine bleach is used in this particular process.
Tank Top: T-Shirt seen as a slim shoulder joint bands and no sleeves. The name has come from the early term for swimming pools: going swimming tanks.
Taped Seam: Not actual “tape,” but a slim strip of fabric sewn within the seam operating across the shoulders and neck area of t-shirts. It covers the seam and looks much better than an uncovered stitch.
Tubular Design:A design which includes no side seams; our bodies from the t-t-shirt is circular and straight. Tubular t-shirts are less expensive to produce, and make up the bulk of the cheaper t-shirts.
Unisex T-T-shirt: No regular description are available for a unisex t-shirt, but generally speaking a unisex t-t-shirt consists of lighter in weight, fine cotton jersey, part seamed, and not cut as full being a normal men’s t-t-shirt. The sleeves are not extra brief, like cap sleeves, but are not full elbow lengths either. Our bodies duration is generally method/long. Nevertheless, you will find wide variants in unisex t-shirts, dependant upon the manufacturer.
Uzbekistan: Former U.S.S.R. satellite that became independent in 1991 and is well known for its cotton production methods, including forced kid work and environmentally destructive methods. Ethical clothing companies boycott Uzbekistan cotton; nevertheless, most companies don’t care and have declined to join within the boycott simply because Uzbekistan natural cotton is inexpensive.
V -Throat: Inverted triangular kind of neckline. Can be deep or superficial, depending on the style. Usually liked by women, but a superficial style v-throat is preferred among guys.
Viscose: Usually another name for rayon, like viscose rayon.
Bodyweight: Generally indicated oz per square yard. A 5.5 ounce bodyweight natural cotton fabric signifies that one square yard will weigh 5.5 ounces. Fine jersey cotton fabrics usually have lighter in weight weight loads, while coarser natural cotton xeprdh have weightier weight loads.
Wife Beater: Derogatory phrase for a men’s tank top t-t-shirt. Usually identifies a fundamental white-colored tank top.
Yarn Dyed: Yarn that is certainly dyed before it really is woven in to a fabric.